Este año, ponte a prueba con nuestras preguntas sobre Halloween (respuestas a pie de página):
1. In which country did Halloween originate?
Halloween goes back to the time of the Celtic tribes which inhabited the UK and northern France as far back as 4000 BC. But it was the Celts from Ireland established Halloween. They were dependent on agriculture, leading them to worship nature and having many superstitions. For them, winter brought death and the 31st of October marked this point. It was believed that on this day alone, the gate between the spirit world and our world was opened at midnight, which obviously meant lots of stories and myths evolved. The Celts thought that on this night the spirits of the dead could return and visit, haunt or harm. To placate them, they used to leave out food and drink.
('goes back to' y 'as far back as' = se remonta a, 'leading them to' = llevándoles a, worship = adorar, death =muerte, 'marked this point' = señaló este momento, gate = puerta, 'evolved' = evolucionó, 'placate' = apaciguar, 'used to leave out' = solían dejar fuera)
2. The word ‘bonfire’ (hoguera) originated from ‘bone fire’. This was lit on Halloween. But what was a ‘bone fire’ for?
a. For burning witches
b. For cremating people
c. For Druid priests to burn animal bones to ensure the return of the summer
d. For warming people in these cold countries ‘to the bone’
‘Samhain’ (summer’s end) was the name of the Celtic Halloween, and Druid priests believed that burning cattle bones in large fires would bring back the sun after a long cold winter.
('light / lit / lit' = encender (fuego), 'burning witches'= quemar brujas, 'priest' = sacerdote, 'ensure' = asegurar, 'cattle bones' = huesos de ganado, 'bring back' = traer de vuelta)
3. What does it mean if you see a spider on Halloween?
a. You will get ill this year
b. You haven’t cleaned the house very well
c. A spirit is following you
d. A loved spirit is looking after (guarding) you
It was thought that the spirits of loved ones could inhabit a spider’s body and get close to their relatives in order to help them. They were believed to have mystic energy because their webs were symbolic of time, fate and progress.
('get ill' = caer enfermo, 'follow' = perseguir, 'look after' = cuidar de, 'loved ones' = seres queridos, 'relatives' = familiares, 'in order to' = para, '(spider)web' = telaraña, 'fate' = destino, 'progress' = desarrollo/avance)
4. As well as spirits, another kind of underworld creature figures very prominently in the myths surrounding Halloween night. What do you think it is?
Those lovely little butterfly-like creatures come through the same gate as the spirits on this night. Depending on the story, the fairy can be good or bad.
('as well as' = además de, 'underworld' = inframundo, 'figure' = figurar, 'surrounding' = entorno a, 'elves' = elfos/duendes, 'dwarves' = enanos, 'fairies' = hadas)
5. What will you see if you look into a mirror at midnight on Halloween?
a. The day you are going to die
b. The face of your future husband or wife
c. Your guardian spirit sitting on your shoulder
d. Your face when you are old
With all the nasty things that are supposed to happen at Halloween, it is good to know something nice will happen too; you will see your future husband or wife (well, it’s nice if you like your future husband or wife!)
('nasty' = desagradable, 'supposed to happen' = se supone que ocurrirá)
6. The pumpkin originates from the folk story of Jack O’Lantern. But why did people originally put a carved pumpkin in their windows on halloween night.
a. To attract only good spirits
b. To stop the Devil coming to visit
c. To help the spirits of their dead relatives to find their houses
d. To trick evil spirits into not entering the house because there was already a spirit (the pumpkin) in the house
Although it is said that it is specifically to ward off vampires, it is more commonly said that is to trick evil spirits. Roaming evil spirits that come to Earth in Halloween need to find a house with no other ghostly presence, so if a wandering spirit sees the pumpkin, it will think it already has an non-Earthly occupant! Similarly, masks were often worn and bells rung in order to stop spirits inhabiting your body – because they thought you were a spirit. Pretty clever, huh?
('pumpkin' = calabaza, 'folk story' = leyenda folklórica, 'lantern' = linterna/farol, 'carved' = esculpido, 'trick' = engañar, 'evil' = maligno, 'already' = ya, 'although' = aunque, 'ward off' = ahuyentar/repeler, 'roaming/wandering' = vagabundeando/vagar, 'ghostly presence' = ente fantasmal, 'pretty clever, huh?' = bastante listo, ¿verdad?
7. The colours black and orange are the most common colours associated with Halloween. Black is associated with death. What is orange associated with?
a. The harvest and autumnal colours
c. The setting sun
d. Nothing – it is just a coincidence
Halloween coincides with the end of the harvest, especially for root crops such as turnips, swedes and sugarbeet (distintos tipos de nabo), and orange is associated with autumnal colours. More recently, the orange pumpkin has reinforced the prevalence of orange as a Halloween colour.
('harvest' = coshecha, setting sun' = puesta del sol, 'just' = solo, 'reinforced' = respaldado)
8. What does Halloween mean?
a. The Hall of evil Spirits
b. Hello to spirits evening
c. Evening of allowing
d. The evening of saints
‘Hallow’ is the Old English word for saint. In Scottish, the word for evening is ‘even’, sometimes contracted to ‘een’. So the word came from the the Christian festival of ‘All Saints’ Evening’, or (All) Hallow(s’) e(v)en. The old English word for saint shows how the world of Pagan beliefs were being mixed and absorbed into newly arriving Christian beliefs, also creating new traditions.
('allowing' = dejar/dar permiso, 'saint' = santo, 'contracted' = contraído, 'shows' = muestra, 'belief' = creencia')
9. Nowadays, modern imagery has included all kinds of visual elements to Halloween, for example, the novels Frankinstein and Dracula. Who wrote the original books?
a. Jane Austen and Charles Dickens
b. Mary Shelley and Bram Stoker
c. Emily Brontë and H.G. Wells
d. Oscar Wilde and Robert Lewis Stevenson
The correct answer is Mary Shelley and Bram Stoker. Can you say what the others wrote? They are classic books!
('nowadays' = hoy en día, 'imagery' = imaginería, 'all kinds of' = todo tipo de)
10. At this time of year apples are still quite abundant and ‘Apple bobbing’ is a traditional Halloween game. What does it involve?
a. Throwing rotten apples at each other
b. The person who can eat most apples
c. Floating apples in water and picking them out with only your mouth
d. Seeing how many apples you can hold in your arms
Apple bobbing is always done outside, because you get very wet doing it! You have to try and bite into an apple floating in water to get it out of the container it is floating in. Of course, as you push down on the apple to bite into it, the apple sinks, meaning your whole face (or head!) disappears into the water and you get soaked. It would be more fun to do in Málaga than the UK, because Halloween temperatures in Málaga are around 23ºC but around 10ºC in the UK! Brrrr!
Pero ¡rápido!, las calabazas son limitadas. Se recogen en recepción, y solo cuestan 4€.
Para ayudaros con la labor de preparar vuestra calabaza, estos links son geniales:
Además, hay muchas cosas en internet para alimentar vuestra imaginación. Recordad también que cuando se ahueca la calabaza, la ‘carne’ se pude utilizar para hacer ‘Pumpkin Pie’ (Pastel de Calabaza). El link para la receta:
en inglés… http://www.bbcgoodfood.com/recipes/1742633/pumpkin-pie
y en español… http://www.hogarutil.com/cocina/recetas/postres/201109/pastel-calabaza-10930.html
Más información MUY interesante sobre halloween (algo en Spanish y algo en English)...
Wikipedia nos pone al día en inglés
Wikipedia nos pone al día en español
Para relatos terroríficos en inglés
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